Touareg 2003 - 2006

Unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 2002 and first introduced in the UK on 1 May 2003, the Touareg is Volkswagen’s first venture into the luxury 4x4 market, and is one of the most sophisticated vehicles in its segment.  It is an off-road vehicle that combines true off-road ability with the comfort and refinement of a luxury saloon.

The Touareg is designed to deliver class-leading performance both on and off the road.  Features such as permanent four-wheel drive, low and high gear ratios, electronic traction control linked to an auto-locking centre differential, hill start and descent assist and short front and rear overhangs all contribute to class-leading capability when venturing off the beaten track.  Extremely steep slope angles are within the Touareg’s capability, and versions with air suspension can ford depths of up to 580 mm.  On the road, the Touareg benefits from a host of electronic driver aids, such as ABS, brake assist and ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme).

In terms of refinement the Touareg bears comparison with luxury saloons, thanks to careful attention to the reduction of cabin noise and vibration.  All models in the range are well appointed and equipped, and there is a comprehensive array of optional luxury equipment.

The most powerful model in the Touareg range has already attracted considerable interest, not least because of its technologically-advanced and award-winning V10 TDI engine – one of the most powerful passenger car diesels – which produces an exceptional 553 lbs ft of torque at 2,000 rpm and 313 PS at 3,750 rpm.

Another key design feature is safety.  The Touareg sets the highest standards for active and passive safety, and proves that the safety levels of a luxury saloon can be replicated in an off-road vehicle.

Volkswagen offers a full day’s off-road experience for all buyers, held at six sites across the UK , to help them further their understanding of the Touareg’s capabilities and technology.

Worldwide sales of luxury 4x4s are increasing not only in the traditional US markets, but also across Western Europe.  The large 4x4 sector in the UK has witnessed steadily increasing sales over recent years.  In 2005, Volkswagen UK sold 3,712 Touaregs, and total sales of 4x4 vehicles in the UK generated an overall market share of 7.7%. Since its launch in 2003 over 10,500 Touaregs have been sold in the UK alone.

SUMMARY

·         Volkswagen’s entry into the luxury 4x4 class

·         permanent 4XMOTION four-wheel drive transmission

·         off-road features include low ratio transfer gearbox incorporating 2.7:1 reduction; electronic traction control on all wheels linked to the auto-locking centre differential; optional, selectable, mechanical front and rear differential locks;       hill start and descent assist

·         Touareg dimensions are: length of 4,754 mm; height of 1,703-1726 mm (depending on suspension); width of 1,928 mm; and wheelbase of 2,855 mm

·         four engines are available: a 2.5-litre five-cylinder TDI with 174 PS; a 3.0-litre
V6 TDI with 225 PS; a 3.6-litre V6 petrol with 280 PS; and a 5.0-litre V10 TDI with 313 PS. Both the 2.5-litre and 5.0-litre V10 engines are available with an advanced diesel particulate filter (DPF) as an option

·         sophisticated V10 TDI turbodiesel is one of the world’s most powerful passenger car diesel engines, and features Volkswagen’s leading ‘Pumpe Düse’ or unit injector technology.  Peak torque of 553 lbs ft (750 Nm) is one of the highest for any production car

·         all models are well equipped.  Highlights include climate control; twin front and side airbags, plus curtain airbags; ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme); ABS; cruise control; CD player with ten speakers; multifunction steering wheel; multifunction computer; separate opening rear screen; alarm with interior protection; central locking; alloy wheels; a three year warranty; leather upholstery and DVD satellite navigation are standard on SE models and above

·         a wide range of factory-fit accessories is available, including CDC (Continuous Damping Control) air suspension; keyless entry and start; memory pack for seats, steering column, seat belt height and mirrors; park distance control; and power closing boot lid.

DESIGN

Exterior

The Touareg has an imposing kerbside presence.  It is one of the largest vehicles in its market segment, yet also one of the lowest; this dimensional ratio gives it an especially dynamic appearance – with no loss in cabin headroom.

Its generous ground clearance, large wheels (from 17 to 20 inches fitted as standard depending on model) and detailed design features reflect not only the Touareg’s power and ruggedness but also its luxurious nature. 

Front and rear overhangs are crucial to the abilities of an off-road vehicle.  Measured from the centre of the axle, the front overhang is 926 mm and the rear overhang 973 mm, providing an angle of approach and departure of 28 degrees for models with steel suspension and 33 degrees with air suspension.

Thanks to a complex three-part door sealing system, waterproof headlights and connectors, and a special air intake system, the Touareg is capable of fording depths of up to 500 mm, or 580 mm with air suspension.

Fully galvanised body construction

The fully galvanised construction of the Touareg’s body results in extremely high static and dynamic rigidity.  Torsional rigidity is to class-leading levels and is evenly distributed throughout the body, resulting in the solid functioning of doors, bonnet and boot lid, as well as tight panel gaps.

The Touareg’s dynamic torsional rigidity is thanks not only to the high quality of the materials employed but also to state-of-the-art construction processes such as laser welding.

High-tech construction materials

The majority of the Touareg’s body parts are manufactured from high-grade fully galvanised steel.  Exceptions include the front wings, which are made from flexible plastics, the aluminium bonnet, and the bumpers which employ thermal-resistant plastics.  Two-shell construction ensures that the plastic front wings offer a very high degree of rigidity while at the same time ensuring maximum protection for pedestrians in the event of a collision.  Pedestrians also benefit from the use of aluminium for the bonnet, this metal providing the optimum deformation characteristics in an accident as well as saving weight.

Acoustic characteristics

From the outset Volkswagen’s engineers intended the Touareg to attain luxury saloon levels of refinement and, to that end, have made the most of the latest technological developments to ensure impressive acoustic results.  Among the measures taken are:

·         the sealing of all body-frame openings to the interior

·         a three-part sealing system for doors, windows and luggage compartment

·         engine compartment encapsulation

·         maximum absorption in drive assembly, drive tunnel and damping systems

·         selective use of aluminium-sandwich sound deadening materials

·         optimised wheel-housing liners

·         specially absorbent materials in the roof lining, luggage compartment, pillar trim and dashboard

Two-piece tailgate with separately opening window

The large tailgate and its separately opening window offer optimum accessibility to the Touareg’s load area.  The two-piece tailgate is unlocked via an electromechanical system; a power-closing aid is an option on all models.

Aluminium roof mounted C-rails are standard equipment, to which a specially designed roof-carrier system can be attached.  So strong and rigid is the Touareg’s bodywork that it can carry a roof load of 100 kg – some 25 kg greater than most competitors.

The Touareg may tow a braked trailer of up to 3,500 kg; rigid and detachable towbars are available as an option.  The Touareg V10 TDI has proved its capability as a towcar, claiming The Caravan Club Towcar of the Year Awards for 2004 and 2005 in the full-size 4x4 category.

Interior

The Touareg’s interior design combines functional aesthetics, comfort and impressive space efficiency to create an atmosphere which unites the ruggedness of a highly capable off-road vehicle with the elegance of a luxury saloon.  Like the Phaeton – Volkswagen’s luxury saloon – the Touareg’s dashboard combines the use of class-leading materials, ergonomics and appearance.  Clarity and ease of use are traditional Volkswagen design virtues that have been carefully encapsulated into the Touareg’s facia.

Careful consideration has been given to the materials used in the cabin.  There are wood inlays in the dash panel, centre console, door trim and gear knob, and even the plastics used are, with their refined high-tech surfaces, reminiscent of natural materials.  Leather seat upholstery is standard on all but the entry-level models.

Controls and displays

Most of the instruments feature round analogue displays with chrome surrounds, located behind anti-reflection mineral glass and illuminated by cathode lighting. 

The centre console has been designed with ease of use firmly in mind.  In the vertical area the centre air vents are located behind a lockable storage compartment and there are easily accessible audio system controls.  Below these are the 2Zone Climatronic controls.  The horizontal portion of the centre console contains the switch for deactivating the front-passenger airbag, the engine start button for models equipped with keyless access, and the controllers for the four-wheel drive and running gear.

All models feature a leather steering wheel equipped with controls for the multifunction computer, cruise control and sound system.  Tiptronic gearchange steering column controls are an option.

Stowage compartments

A large central armrest is located between the driver and front-seat passenger, just behind the two cup holders.  The armrest rises to expose a storage compartment for a one litre drinks bottle and a further, illuminated stowage compartment.  The glove compartment is generously proportioned as well as air conditioned, and there are further, stowage compartments in front of the gearshift (in lieu of the ashtray with the ‘non-smoker pack’) and in the upper area of the dashboard.

Driver and front-passenger seating system

The ergonomic contours of the 2.5-litre TDI and V6 models’ front seats offer manual fore and aft adjustment, back-inclination adjustment and also manual height adjustment.  Twelve-point electrical adjustment of the seats and lumbar support is a standard feature of the V10 TDI model.  A memory pack, which recalls the settings for the steering column, both front seats, seat belt height and wing mirrors, is an option on the 2.5-litre TDI and V6 models, and standard on the V10 TDI.

Rear seating and load area

At the rear, the Touareg features individually contoured seats with three headrests, a trio of three-point seat belts and a centre armrest.  All models feature 60/40 split/folding rear seats.

The Touareg boasts one of the largest luggage compartments in its class; the 2.5-litre and V6 models offer between 555 and 1,570 litres of load space, and the V10 TDI between 500 and 1,525 litres.

Quality

Volkswagen enjoys a hard won reputation for quality and knows that it must make an even greater commitment in design, materials, development, quality control and many other areas if it is to retain its lead. 

By designing the Touareg to make use of some major and minor components including nuts, bolts, washers and fixings used in other Group products, Volkswagen is able to purchase high quality components and materials in bulk.  By saving costs in these areas, Volkswagen has more resource to spend on quality items specific to the Touareg such as the body shell and trim components.

ENGINES

The Touareg is available with a choice of four engines: a 2.5-litre five-cylinder TDI with 174 PS; a 3.0-litre V6 TDI with 225 PS; a 3.6-litre V6 petrol with 280 PS; and a 5.0-litre V10 TDI with 313 PS.

Petrol engine

3.6-litre, 3600 cc, 24-valve 6-cyl V6, 280 PS

The only petrol engine in the Touareg line-up is a V6 unit producing 266 lbs ft of torque at 2,500 rpm.  Driving through a standard six-speed automatic gearbox, it can go from 0 to 62 mph in 8.7 seconds and on to a top speed of 134 mph.  A combined fuel consumption figure of over 20 mpg is very respectable for this type of vehicle.

Diesel engines

When Volkswagen launched its new generation of TDI engines in 1996, it marked a significant leap forward for diesel technology.  Then at the end of 1999, Volkswagen moved the game on yet further with the launch of ‘Pumpe Düse’ or ‘PD’ technology.  Pumpe Düse translates as ‘unit injector’, a fuel injection system which can operate at pressures of up to 2050 bars or 30,000 psi.  PD provides better atomisation of the fuel for high torque and power with low emissions and high fuel efficiency.  These Volkswagen diesels are capable of converting up to 43 per cent of the thermal energy in the fuel into mechanical energy for powering the car.

PD technology combines the injector and pump into one unit for each cylinder.  Each unit injector is operated by its own cam on the engine camshaft.  A fine adjustment of the fuel injection process coupled with much higher pressures enables Volkswagen to attain a class-leading position in low fuel consumption, high power and attainment of Euro 4 emissions.  In addition both the 2.5-litre and 5.0-litre V10 diesel engines are available with an optional diesel particulate filter – or DPF – to reduce further particle emissions.

All Volkswagen TDI models also have turbochargers with variable geometry turbine (VTG) technology.  The VTG delivers high boost pressures even at low engine speeds.  An intercooler lowers the temperature of the hot compressed air leaving the turbocharger, leading to even greater efficiency.

The Touareg’s 2.5-litre and V10 diesel units employ unit injector technology, while the V6 TDI uses advanced piezo electric injector technology.

2.5-litre, 2460 cc, 10-valve 5-cyl, 174 PS

This in-line five cylinder unit is effectively half of the 5.0-litre V10 TDI, and features many of its sophisticated components.  In the Touareg, it is installed longitudinally.  The unit features aluminium cylinder block and crankcase; plasma coated cylinder lining surfaces; a balancer shaft to reduce vibration, and a variable geometry turbocharger.

New to the 2.5-litre engine is the option of an advanced new diesel particulate filter (DPF) designed to trap diesel particulates before they can escape the exhaust system. The DPF is maintenance free and entirely self-regenerating.

The 2.5-litre TDI produces 174 PS at 3,500 rpm and 295 lbs ft (400 Nm) of torque at 2,000 rpm.  This engine accounts for over half of Touareg sales.

3.0-litre, 2967 cc, 24-valve V6, 225 PS

Introduced in October 2004, this 3.0-litre six-cylinder engine offers an appealing combination of smooth, strong performance and impressive fuel economy.  With a six-speed Tiptronic automatic gearbox, this engine produces 369 lbs ft of torque, has a top speed of 125 mph and yet returns almost 26 mpg on the combined cycle.

It features four valves per cylinder and advanced piezo electric injector technology.  With this system, up to four fuel injections per cycle are possible, for better emissions control and superior refinement. 

5.0-litre, 4921 cc, 20-valve V10, 313 PS

The technologically advanced V10 TDI is one of the most powerful passenger car diesel engines, producing an exceptional 553 lbs ft (750 Nm) of torque at 2,000 rpm and 313 PS at 3,750 rpm.  It can accelerate from rest to 62 mph in 7.8 seconds and go on to a top speed of 140 mph.  Its combined fuel economy figure is nonetheless a very creditable 23 mpg.

The key factors in creating the V10 TDI’s extraordinary advancements in power and performance are, in addition to the large displacement, the advanced Pumpe Düse high pressure direct injection system and twin turbocharging system.

Exceptionally long gearing of just under 40 mph per 1,000 rpm in sixth gear assists in providing effortless progress.  For the first time, all engine ancillaries are mounted on one casing that is acoustically decoupled from the engine to aid refinement.

In addition to the extraordinarily high torque and performance characteristics, and the requirement for compact dimensions, one of the most important development goals was that the unit should be exceptionally quiet and offer very low vibration.  One of Volkswagen’s solutions for achieving this is to use a balancer shaft rotating counter to the crankshaft. 

The construction of the cylinder head is similar to that of other TDI PD engines pioneered by Volkswagen.  However, for use in the Touareg’s V10 TDI, the unit was redesigned, with a crossflow layout.

Direct injection itself takes on a key role: it optimises the mean pressures, the specific performance and the exhaust gas quality.  The new unit injectors used in the ten-cylinder engine have improved efficiency, a more compact solenoid valve and a significantly increased partial-load injection pressure.

A completely redeveloped engine electronic system, with two powerful control units, enables the precise regulation of the ten unit injection elements and adapts engine performance to the requirements of the gearbox and 4XMOTION drive.

The inlet and exhaust systems of the V10 TDI are particularly interesting.  All of the important components are arranged as two independent systems, one per cylinder bank.  These include the air filter, the hot film air flow meter, the turbocharger, the intercooler, the exhaust gas recirculation (line and valve) and the ‘throttle’ valves. 

As a result, the V10 consists of two five-cylinder engines where the air and exhaust are completely separated, but which are coupled through their control systems.

For the V10 TDI, Volkswagen has developed a new electronic control unit.  Designated EDC 16, it is a ‘double’ unit, with a 32-bit microprocessor and significantly improved computing performance.  One control unit regulates each five-cylinder bank.

The innovative design of the exhaust-gas system, with its two chrome-plated tailpipes, is an essential element of the exhaust-gas cleaning system.  The engine is also equipped with pneumatically controlled exhaust recirculation valves for reducing emissions.  Oxidation catalytic converters close to the engine help optimise the already low emissions.

Gearboxes

A six-speed manual gearbox is available on the 2.5-litre TDI, while a six-speed automatic gearbox is standard on all models.

The gearboxes were specially designed for the Touareg with weight saving in mind; steel construction is used only for those components which are subjected to extreme performance demands.  All other components are made from aluminium.

Servicing

All new Touaregs are manufactured with systems, engines and the latest technically advanced long-life oils and are designed to be serviced at variable or LongLife intervals.

Rather than have fixed intervals determined by time and/ or mileage, the engine uses built-in sensors that monitor oil quality.  Depending on which engine is specified, how the vehicle is driven and the conditions of use, a service will be required anywhere from 9,000 miles or 12 months (whichever occurs first), up to a maximum of 30,000 miles or 24 months (whichever occurs first).

Alternatively, buyers can opt for a traditional Time and Distance service schedule with fixed time and mileage intervals. 

In addition, many of the Touareg’s components are maintenance-free.  Others, such as the front brake pads, are electronically monitored.

RUNNING GEAR

Front and rear axle

Two different suspension systems are available on the Touareg: a steel double-wishbone system is standard, while on the V10 TDI model the technologically advanced Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension system is employed.     

The independent steel suspension features, at the front, double wishbones with aluminium upper suspension and steel lower links.  At the rear, double wishbones with forged aluminium upper links and steel lower wishbones are used.  With this suspension, the Touareg possesses a maximum ground clearance of 237 mm.

Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension system

CDC, standard equipment on the V10 TDI, is an option on all other models.  Like the system found in the Phaeton, the Touareg’s CDC guarantees extremely high comfort levels and, thanks to automatic speed-sensitive ride height adjustment, provides sporty dynamic characteristics for on-road driving.

CDC maintains the Touareg at a constant ride height.  Four sensors continuously monitor the space between axle and body; when a deviation from the required position is sensed it is corrected by means of solenoid valves, a compressor and two accumulators.  The Touareg’s four air-spring dampers consist essentially of air-spring bellows, a roller piston and the regulated hydraulic damper unit.

The damping system sensors assess the vehicle’s speed and the driving conditions and compensates for them with automatic adjustment of the dampers.  The system reacts to the slightest unevenness in the road and can minimise roll and pitch in the event of sudden extreme acceleration or braking.

Console-mounted rotary switches give the driver control of the Touareg’s air suspension settings and the degree of damping.  There are three driver-selectable suspension settings: Comfort, Sport and Auto.

Variable ground clearance

The Touareg’s air suspension system raises and lowers the vehicle automatically depending on the speed at which the car is being driven.  At 78 mph, for example, the ride height drops from 215 mm to 190 mm, and at 112 mph it is further reduced to 180 mm.  The driver can override the system and set other levels if desired.

·         Loading level: 160 mm ground clearance (up to 5 km/h)

·         Street level: 215 mm (0-125km/h)

·         High speed I: 190 mm (125-180 km/h)

·         High speed II: 180 mm (from 180 km/h)

·         Off-road level: 240 mm (up to 70 km/h)

·         X’tra level: 300 mm (up to 20 km/h)

4XMOTION four-wheel drive system

All Touaregs are equipped with a continuous 4XMOTION four-wheel drive system which guarantees exceptional off-road ability combined with a high degree of safety and excellent on-road dynamics.

The 4XMOTION system delivers its power to the front and rear axles via a transfer box and a central differential, featuring a continuously adjustable and automatically operated multi-disc clutch, which performs the differential lock function.  How much of the engine’s power is delivered to the front and rear axles is dependant on conditions – up to 100 per cent of the drive force can be transmitted to either of the two axles if required.  The differential lock is automatically regulated by engine torque and wheel slippage, with the driver having manual override via a console mounted switch.  Manually lockable front and rear axle differentials are optional.

On-road benefits of 4XMOTION

4XMOTION offers a high degree of safety.  Under normal driving conditions – a dry road with even grip and constant engine power – the four-wheel drive system provides a 50:50 distribution of power to the front and rear axles.  In conditions where a wheel begins to lose traction, for example, as a result of aquaplaning, the centre differential’s multi-disc lock increases the flow of power – up to 100 per cent – to whichever axle has more grip.

Off-road benefits of 4XMOTION

4XMOTION allows optimum levels of off-road grip and traction, such as the ability to tackle a lateral inclination of up to 35 degrees, and a climbing angle of 45 degrees.  When faced with demanding terrain, the driver activates ‘low range’ transmission via an electrical switch on the centre console.  Moving the ‘Auto Diff’ switch from the fast ‘High’ mode towards ‘Low’ results in activation of the automatic central differential lock, which continuously checks for loss of traction and adjusts front/rear power distribution accordingly.

If desired the differential lock can be activated manually by the driver, up to 100 per cent, via a dashboard rotary switch.  The same principle applies to the (optional) lockable axle differentials.

A hill-starting assistant aids drivers of models with manual transmission; it activates automatically when the Touareg, with engine running, is stopped on an incline with the normal or parking brake engaged and when in first or reverse gear with the clutch pedal depressed.  When the driver releases the brakes the car is actively braked and automatically held on the incline; as the clutch is engaged so the brakes are released step by step. 

Touaregs with automatic gearboxes also have a hill-starting assistant which, via an electronic function in the gearbox, prevents downhill movement before moving off.  On very steep (more than 20 per cent) downward slopes, an automatic downhill assistant cuts in when speeds are below 20 km/h (with ESP switched on) to maintain steady and safe downhill progress.

Braking system

The Touareg’s 4XMOTION permanent four-wheel-drive system provides sure-footed off-road characteristics and a high degree of safety on normal roads by transmitting power to the front or rear in amounts appropriate to the levels of grip available at each axle.

The Touareg features internally ventilated fixed calliper disc brakes (330 mm diameter) on all four wheels, while its stopping systems are technologically advanced, featuring ABS, EBD (Electronic Brake-force Distribution) and ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme) with Hydraulic Braking Assistant (HBA).

Hydraulic Brake Assist – HBA

Working in conjunction with the other elements of the braking system, HBA recognises from the speed at which the brake pedal is depressed whether it is a ‘normal’ braking situation or an emergency stop.  In the event of an emergency stop, HBA automatically increases braking pressure, activating ABS and ensuring the level of braking meets the needs of the conditions.  The application of brake assist makes it possible even for unskilled drivers to reduce braking distances by 25 per cent.

Electronic Stabilisation Programme – ESP

This is a sophisticated system that automatically senses any tendency for the car to slide.  Should this situation occur, ESP reacts by applying the brakes to one, two, three or all four wheels and adjusts the engine’s power.  In this way, it is possible that a skid is corrected even before the driver is aware that one has started.  This can be useful if a tendency to understeer or oversteer develops in a bend.  In such circumstances ESP can help prevent the car skidding or spinning off the road and is particularly helpful in wet or icy conditions.

EQUIPMENT AND TRIM

Each model within the Touareg range is generously equipped.  Highlights of each of the trim levels are detailed below:

Touareg 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI 

·         ABS with EBD, HBA and ESP (see Braking system section for details)

·         driver and front passenger front and side airbags with deactivation switch

·         curtain airbag system

·         crash-sensing automatic door unlocking system

·         automatic centre differential lock with manual override

·         4XMOTION permanent four-wheel drive

·         multifunction computer with steering wheel controls and cruise control

·         radio/CD system

·         all-round electric windows and electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors

·         60/40 split/folding rear seats

·         7½ J x 17 ‘Canyon 5’ alloy wheels with 235/65 R17 tyres and anti-theft bolts

·         remote control central locking with alarm and interior protection

SE: 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI, 3.6-litre V6

Going up the range to SE trim adds the following:

·         exterior chrome trim

·         2Zone electronic climate control

·         front fog lights

·         8J x 18 ‘Valley’ alloy wheels with 255/55 R18 tyres

·         leather upholstery

SE: V10 TDI

The SE trim with the 5.0-litre V10 TDI engine adds the following:

·         Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension

·         bi-Xenon headlights for dipped and main beam with dynamic curve lighting

·         front seats with electric 12-way adjustment and lumbar support

·         rain sensor and automatic dimming rear view mirror

·         engine compartment lighting; ‘coming home’ lighting function

·         8J x 18 ‘ Nevada’ alloy wheels with 255/55 R18 tyres

Altitude: 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI, 3.6-litre V6 and 5.0-litre V10 TDI

The range-topping Altitude trim level adds:

·         body styling kit by Individual – uniquely shaped front and rear bumpers, side skirts and rear roof spoiler

·         heat insulating tinted glass 35% from B pillar backwards

·         sports polished stainless steel twin exhaust tailpipes

·         9J x 19 ‘Sienna’ alloy wheels with 275/45 R19 tyres (not V10 TDI)

·         9J x 20‘ Casablanca’ alloy wheels by Individual with 275/40 R20 tyres (V10 TDI)

FACTORY FIT OPTIONS

As befits a car of this class, there is an extensive range of optional equipment available for the Touareg.  This includes items such as Tiptronic gearchange controls mounted on the steering column; a boot-mounted six-disc CD autochanger; electric sunroof; powered tailgate closing; roof bars; a ski sack with load-through provision; side steps; and sunblinds for the rear screen and rear side windows.

Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension

This feature is standard equipment on the V10 TDI and can be specified as an option on the 2.5-litre TDI, V6 and V8 models.  It ensures further comfort and, thanks to automatic speed-sensitive ride height adjustment, provides sporty dynamic characteristics while on the road as well as improved off-road handling.

Front and rear differential locks

As a further aid to off-road traction in extreme conditions, manually operated differential locks can be specified for the rear axle or for both front and rear axles.

Navigation/radio/TV system

The satellite navigation system, standard on SE and Altitude models and an option on the entry-level Touareg, consists of a screen display housed in the dashboard which shows the required direction of travel, combined with verbal instructions.

Wheel sensors are used to determine the distance the car has covered and to provide information when the car is turning.  Further system components include a solid state magnetic compass and a GPS (Global Positioning System) aerial in the front left wing.  The aerial receives signals from orbiting satellites from which it is able to calculate the position of the car to within 100 metres.  A road map, effectively a digitised street plan of Great Britain or other country, is stored on DVD and is accessed by the on-board computer as it calculates the route required to reach the desired destination.

The range-topping navigation system also incorporates a television which, for safety reasons, operates when the vehicle is stationary and the handbrake is applied.  An entertainment pack with a DVD screen in the roof liner is also available.

Keyless entry and start function

The keyless system is available as an option on SE and Altitude models with the auto Tiptronic gearbox.  With it, the driver need never remove the Touareg’s key from his or her pocket.  The car ‘recognises’ its driver via a transponder in the key, releases the lock when the driver touches the door handle and allows the engine to be started with the push of a button.

The system features several safety mechanisms.  For example, the Touareg will start only when the key is actually within the vehicle’s interior, and the driver must press the clutch or, on automatic models, the brake pedal.  On exit, the driver has only to touch the door handle once more to activate the automatic closing and locking procedure.  For security, the system only operates when the key is in close proximity to the vehicle.     

SAFETY

Volkswagen’s intention with the Touareg was to set the highest possible standards for active and passive safety, and to prove that the safety levels of a luxury saloon can be replicated in a luxury off-road vehicle.

The strength of the Touareg’s construction, its incorporation of the very latest in electronic safety features and the inherent stability of its four-wheel-drive and traction control systems raise standards to a significant new level.

Frontal collision

The Touareg was designed with very high frontal energy absorption characteristics and with an extremely rigid passenger cell, in line with both Euro NCAP and US-NCAP crash requirements.

Among the special protective measures adopted are additional strengthening bars in the sills, extremely rigid A-, B-, C- and D-pillars and the use of high quality steels in the construction, along with laser welding.

Side collision

The Touareg’s doors are integrated with the car’s crash protection structure, and are designed to afford passengers the maximum protection in the event of a side impact.

Passive safety

Touareg passengers benefit from a state-of-the-art electronic safety system featuring crash sensors which can judge the severity of an impact and react accordingly, triggering either a low-level response from the driver and front passenger airbags or a full-intensity response.

All models in the range feature driver and front passenger airbags, front side airbags and curtain airbags which cover the entire window surface between the A- and C- pillars to protect the heads and upper torsos of the window-seat passengers.

The Touareg also features electrically activated seat belt pre-tensioners to restrict passenger movement in an impact.  All models feature five three-point harnesses as standard.

The electronic safety system continues to work even after it has activated the airbags, automatically unlocking all the doors, isolating the battery, shutting down the fuel supply and all high-power electrical units, as well as switching on the hazard warning lights.

Child passenger protection

All Touareg models are equipped as standard with rear Isofix seat mounting brackets.  These are attached to the body of the car and allow a compatible Isofix standard child safety seat to be correctly installed with ease.  If small children are to be carried in a safety seat mounted in the front passenger seat, the front-seat passenger airbag system can be switched off. 

Pedestrian safety

The Touareg’s design team also gave careful consideration to minimising injury to pedestrians in the event of a collision.  Volkswagen does not offer a ‘bull bar’ for the Touareg and the car’s body design possesses a number of features which optimise protection for pedestrians and cyclists.  Among these is the construction of the bonnet in aluminium to provide optimum deformation characteristics, and the use of plastic materials for the wings.

Parking distance control is a standard feature of the SE V10 TDI and an option on other models.  This system features ultrasonic transmitters and receivers in the front and rear bumpers to warn the driver of obstacles; the front sensor can ‘see’ up to 1,200 mm and the rear sensor up to 1500 mm.  If the Touareg approaches an obstacle it gives both an audible warning and a visual one, by means of a dashboard display and a roof-mounted display visible in the rear-view mirror.

Euro NCAP test results

In recognition of the Touareg’s safety features, it was awarded a full five stars in the Euro NCAP (European New Car Assessment Programme) safety tests for adult occupant protection.  It scored four stars for child occupant protection and gained a one star pedestrian rating.

SECURITY

All models in the Touareg range are fitted as standard with an electronic engine immobiliser and an alarm system with interior protection and remote central locking.  For added convenience and security, a keyless entry and start system is an option on automatic SE and Altitude models.  All Touaregs also feature an integrated factory-fitted CD/radio system which is Volkswagen branded and security coded.

Line-up with insurance groups

Thanks to its safety and security systems, the Touareg has the following insurance group ratings from the ABI (Association of British Insurers):

Touareg

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

SE

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

Altitude

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

WARRANTIES

The Touareg has a three year or 60,000 mile mechanical warranty, the first two years of which are covered by the manufacturer.  The final year’s cover is a retailer warranty.  In addition, it comes with a class-leading 12 year body protection warranty, three year paintwork warranty and three years membership of Volkswagen Assistance which includes pan-European breakdown cover.

Unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 2002 and first introduced in the UK on 1 May 2003, the Touareg is Volkswagen’s first venture into the luxury 4x4 market, and is one of the most sophisticated vehicles in its segment.  It is an off-road vehicle that combines true off-road ability with the comfort and refinement of a luxury saloon.

The Touareg is designed to deliver class-leading performance both on and off the road.  Features such as permanent four-wheel drive, low and high gear ratios, electronic traction control linked to an auto-locking centre differential, hill start and descent assist and short front and rear overhangs all contribute to class-leading capability when venturing off the beaten track.  Extremely steep slope angles are within the Touareg’s capability, and versions with air suspension can ford depths of up to 580 mm.  On the road, the Touareg benefits from a host of electronic driver aids, such as ABS, brake assist and ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme).

In terms of refinement the Touareg bears comparison with luxury saloons, thanks to careful attention to the reduction of cabin noise and vibration.  All models in the range are well appointed and equipped, and there is a comprehensive array of optional luxury equipment.

The most powerful model in the Touareg range has already attracted considerable interest, not least because of its technologically-advanced and award-winning V10 TDI engine – one of the most powerful passenger car diesels – which produces an exceptional 553 lbs ft of torque at 2,000 rpm and 313 PS at 3,750 rpm.

Another key design feature is safety.  The Touareg sets the highest standards for active and passive safety, and proves that the safety levels of a luxury saloon can be replicated in an off-road vehicle.

Volkswagen offers a full day’s off-road experience for all buyers, held at six sites across the UK , to help them further their understanding of the Touareg’s capabilities and technology.

Worldwide sales of luxury 4x4s are increasing not only in the traditional US markets, but also across Western Europe.  The large 4x4 sector in the UK has witnessed steadily increasing sales over recent years.  In 2005, Volkswagen UK sold 3,712 Touaregs, and total sales of 4x4 vehicles in the UK generated an overall market share of 7.7%. Since its launch in 2003 over 10,500 Touaregs have been sold in the UK alone.

SUMMARY

·         Volkswagen’s entry into the luxury 4x4 class

·         permanent 4XMOTION four-wheel drive transmission

·         off-road features include low ratio transfer gearbox incorporating 2.7:1 reduction; electronic traction control on all wheels linked to the auto-locking centre differential; optional, selectable, mechanical front and rear differential locks;       hill start and descent assist

·         Touareg dimensions are: length of 4,754 mm; height of 1,703-1726 mm (depending on suspension); width of 1,928 mm; and wheelbase of 2,855 mm

·         four engines are available: a 2.5-litre five-cylinder TDI with 174 PS; a 3.0-litre
V6 TDI with 225 PS; a 3.6-litre V6 petrol with 280 PS; and a 5.0-litre V10 TDI with 313 PS. Both the 2.5-litre and 5.0-litre V10 engines are available with an advanced diesel particulate filter (DPF) as an option

·         sophisticated V10 TDI turbodiesel is one of the world’s most powerful passenger car diesel engines, and features Volkswagen’s leading ‘Pumpe Düse’ or unit injector technology.  Peak torque of 553 lbs ft (750 Nm) is one of the highest for any production car

·         all models are well equipped.  Highlights include climate control; twin front and side airbags, plus curtain airbags; ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme); ABS; cruise control; CD player with ten speakers; multifunction steering wheel; multifunction computer; separate opening rear screen; alarm with interior protection; central locking; alloy wheels; a three year warranty; leather upholstery and DVD satellite navigation are standard on SE models and above

·         a wide range of factory-fit accessories is available, including CDC (Continuous Damping Control) air suspension; keyless entry and start; memory pack for seats, steering column, seat belt height and mirrors; park distance control; and power closing boot lid.

DESIGN

Exterior

The Touareg has an imposing kerbside presence.  It is one of the largest vehicles in its market segment, yet also one of the lowest; this dimensional ratio gives it an especially dynamic appearance – with no loss in cabin headroom.

Its generous ground clearance, large wheels (from 17 to 20 inches fitted as standard depending on model) and detailed design features reflect not only the Touareg’s power and ruggedness but also its luxurious nature. 

Front and rear overhangs are crucial to the abilities of an off-road vehicle.  Measured from the centre of the axle, the front overhang is 926 mm and the rear overhang 973 mm, providing an angle of approach and departure of 28 degrees for models with steel suspension and 33 degrees with air suspension.

Thanks to a complex three-part door sealing system, waterproof headlights and connectors, and a special air intake system, the Touareg is capable of fording depths of up to 500 mm, or 580 mm with air suspension.

Fully galvanised body construction

The fully galvanised construction of the Touareg’s body results in extremely high static and dynamic rigidity.  Torsional rigidity is to class-leading levels and is evenly distributed throughout the body, resulting in the solid functioning of doors, bonnet and boot lid, as well as tight panel gaps.

The Touareg’s dynamic torsional rigidity is thanks not only to the high quality of the materials employed but also to state-of-the-art construction processes such as laser welding.

High-tech construction materials

The majority of the Touareg’s body parts are manufactured from high-grade fully galvanised steel.  Exceptions include the front wings, which are made from flexible plastics, the aluminium bonnet, and the bumpers which employ thermal-resistant plastics.  Two-shell construction ensures that the plastic front wings offer a very high degree of rigidity while at the same time ensuring maximum protection for pedestrians in the event of a collision.  Pedestrians also benefit from the use of aluminium for the bonnet, this metal providing the optimum deformation characteristics in an accident as well as saving weight.

Acoustic characteristics

From the outset Volkswagen’s engineers intended the Touareg to attain luxury saloon levels of refinement and, to that end, have made the most of the latest technological developments to ensure impressive acoustic results.  Among the measures taken are:

·         the sealing of all body-frame openings to the interior

·         a three-part sealing system for doors, windows and luggage compartment

·         engine compartment encapsulation

·         maximum absorption in drive assembly, drive tunnel and damping systems

·         selective use of aluminium-sandwich sound deadening materials

·         optimised wheel-housing liners

·         specially absorbent materials in the roof lining, luggage compartment, pillar trim and dashboard

Two-piece tailgate with separately opening window

The large tailgate and its separately opening window offer optimum accessibility to the Touareg’s load area.  The two-piece tailgate is unlocked via an electromechanical system; a power-closing aid is an option on all models.

Aluminium roof mounted C-rails are standard equipment, to which a specially designed roof-carrier system can be attached.  So strong and rigid is the Touareg’s bodywork that it can carry a roof load of 100 kg – some 25 kg greater than most competitors.

The Touareg may tow a braked trailer of up to 3,500 kg; rigid and detachable towbars are available as an option.  The Touareg V10 TDI has proved its capability as a towcar, claiming The Caravan Club Towcar of the Year Awards for 2004 and 2005 in the full-size 4x4 category.

Interior

The Touareg’s interior design combines functional aesthetics, comfort and impressive space efficiency to create an atmosphere which unites the ruggedness of a highly capable off-road vehicle with the elegance of a luxury saloon.  Like the Phaeton – Volkswagen’s luxury saloon – the Touareg’s dashboard combines the use of class-leading materials, ergonomics and appearance.  Clarity and ease of use are traditional Volkswagen design virtues that have been carefully encapsulated into the Touareg’s facia.

Careful consideration has been given to the materials used in the cabin.  There are wood inlays in the dash panel, centre console, door trim and gear knob, and even the plastics used are, with their refined high-tech surfaces, reminiscent of natural materials.  Leather seat upholstery is standard on all but the entry-level models.

Controls and displays

Most of the instruments feature round analogue displays with chrome surrounds, located behind anti-reflection mineral glass and illuminated by cathode lighting. 

The centre console has been designed with ease of use firmly in mind.  In the vertical area the centre air vents are located behind a lockable storage compartment and there are easily accessible audio system controls.  Below these are the 2Zone Climatronic controls.  The horizontal portion of the centre console contains the switch for deactivating the front-passenger airbag, the engine start button for models equipped with keyless access, and the controllers for the four-wheel drive and running gear.

All models feature a leather steering wheel equipped with controls for the multifunction computer, cruise control and sound system.  Tiptronic gearchange steering column controls are an option.

Stowage compartments

A large central armrest is located between the driver and front-seat passenger, just behind the two cup holders.  The armrest rises to expose a storage compartment for a one litre drinks bottle and a further, illuminated stowage compartment.  The glove compartment is generously proportioned as well as air conditioned, and there are further, stowage compartments in front of the gearshift (in lieu of the ashtray with the ‘non-smoker pack’) and in the upper area of the dashboard.

Driver and front-passenger seating system

The ergonomic contours of the 2.5-litre TDI and V6 models’ front seats offer manual fore and aft adjustment, back-inclination adjustment and also manual height adjustment.  Twelve-point electrical adjustment of the seats and lumbar support is a standard feature of the V10 TDI model.  A memory pack, which recalls the settings for the steering column, both front seats, seat belt height and wing mirrors, is an option on the 2.5-litre TDI and V6 models, and standard on the V10 TDI.

Rear seating and load area

At the rear, the Touareg features individually contoured seats with three headrests, a trio of three-point seat belts and a centre armrest.  All models feature 60/40 split/folding rear seats.

The Touareg boasts one of the largest luggage compartments in its class; the 2.5-litre and V6 models offer between 555 and 1,570 litres of load space, and the V10 TDI between 500 and 1,525 litres.

Quality

Volkswagen enjoys a hard won reputation for quality and knows that it must make an even greater commitment in design, materials, development, quality control and many other areas if it is to retain its lead. 

By designing the Touareg to make use of some major and minor components including nuts, bolts, washers and fixings used in other Group products, Volkswagen is able to purchase high quality components and materials in bulk.  By saving costs in these areas, Volkswagen has more resource to spend on quality items specific to the Touareg such as the body shell and trim components.

ENGINES

The Touareg is available with a choice of four engines: a 2.5-litre five-cylinder TDI with 174 PS; a 3.0-litre V6 TDI with 225 PS; a 3.6-litre V6 petrol with 280 PS; and a 5.0-litre V10 TDI with 313 PS.

Petrol engine

3.6-litre, 3600 cc, 24-valve 6-cyl V6, 280 PS

The only petrol engine in the Touareg line-up is a V6 unit producing 266 lbs ft of torque at 2,500 rpm.  Driving through a standard six-speed automatic gearbox, it can go from 0 to 62 mph in 8.7 seconds and on to a top speed of 134 mph.  A combined fuel consumption figure of over 20 mpg is very respectable for this type of vehicle.

Diesel engines

When Volkswagen launched its new generation of TDI engines in 1996, it marked a significant leap forward for diesel technology.  Then at the end of 1999, Volkswagen moved the game on yet further with the launch of ‘Pumpe Düse’ or ‘PD’ technology.  Pumpe Düse translates as ‘unit injector’, a fuel injection system which can operate at pressures of up to 2050 bars or 30,000 psi.  PD provides better atomisation of the fuel for high torque and power with low emissions and high fuel efficiency.  These Volkswagen diesels are capable of converting up to 43 per cent of the thermal energy in the fuel into mechanical energy for powering the car.

PD technology combines the injector and pump into one unit for each cylinder.  Each unit injector is operated by its own cam on the engine camshaft.  A fine adjustment of the fuel injection process coupled with much higher pressures enables Volkswagen to attain a class-leading position in low fuel consumption, high power and attainment of Euro 4 emissions.  In addition both the 2.5-litre and 5.0-litre V10 diesel engines are available with an optional diesel particulate filter – or DPF – to reduce further particle emissions.

All Volkswagen TDI models also have turbochargers with variable geometry turbine (VTG) technology.  The VTG delivers high boost pressures even at low engine speeds.  An intercooler lowers the temperature of the hot compressed air leaving the turbocharger, leading to even greater efficiency.

The Touareg’s 2.5-litre and V10 diesel units employ unit injector technology, while the V6 TDI uses advanced piezo electric injector technology.

2.5-litre, 2460 cc, 10-valve 5-cyl, 174 PS

This in-line five cylinder unit is effectively half of the 5.0-litre V10 TDI, and features many of its sophisticated components.  In the Touareg, it is installed longitudinally.  The unit features aluminium cylinder block and crankcase; plasma coated cylinder lining surfaces; a balancer shaft to reduce vibration, and a variable geometry turbocharger.

New to the 2.5-litre engine is the option of an advanced new diesel particulate filter (DPF) designed to trap diesel particulates before they can escape the exhaust system. The DPF is maintenance free and entirely self-regenerating.

The 2.5-litre TDI produces 174 PS at 3,500 rpm and 295 lbs ft (400 Nm) of torque at 2,000 rpm.  This engine accounts for over half of Touareg sales.

3.0-litre, 2967 cc, 24-valve V6, 225 PS

Introduced in October 2004, this 3.0-litre six-cylinder engine offers an appealing combination of smooth, strong performance and impressive fuel economy.  With a six-speed Tiptronic automatic gearbox, this engine produces 369 lbs ft of torque, has a top speed of 125 mph and yet returns almost 26 mpg on the combined cycle.

It features four valves per cylinder and advanced piezo electric injector technology.  With this system, up to four fuel injections per cycle are possible, for better emissions control and superior refinement. 

5.0-litre, 4921 cc, 20-valve V10, 313 PS

The technologically advanced V10 TDI is one of the most powerful passenger car diesel engines, producing an exceptional 553 lbs ft (750 Nm) of torque at 2,000 rpm and 313 PS at 3,750 rpm.  It can accelerate from rest to 62 mph in 7.8 seconds and go on to a top speed of 140 mph.  Its combined fuel economy figure is nonetheless a very creditable 23 mpg.

The key factors in creating the V10 TDI’s extraordinary advancements in power and performance are, in addition to the large displacement, the advanced Pumpe Düse high pressure direct injection system and twin turbocharging system.

Exceptionally long gearing of just under 40 mph per 1,000 rpm in sixth gear assists in providing effortless progress.  For the first time, all engine ancillaries are mounted on one casing that is acoustically decoupled from the engine to aid refinement.

In addition to the extraordinarily high torque and performance characteristics, and the requirement for compact dimensions, one of the most important development goals was that the unit should be exceptionally quiet and offer very low vibration.  One of Volkswagen’s solutions for achieving this is to use a balancer shaft rotating counter to the crankshaft. 

The construction of the cylinder head is similar to that of other TDI PD engines pioneered by Volkswagen.  However, for use in the Touareg’s V10 TDI, the unit was redesigned, with a crossflow layout.

Direct injection itself takes on a key role: it optimises the mean pressures, the specific performance and the exhaust gas quality.  The new unit injectors used in the ten-cylinder engine have improved efficiency, a more compact solenoid valve and a significantly increased partial-load injection pressure.

A completely redeveloped engine electronic system, with two powerful control units, enables the precise regulation of the ten unit injection elements and adapts engine performance to the requirements of the gearbox and 4XMOTION drive.

The inlet and exhaust systems of the V10 TDI are particularly interesting.  All of the important components are arranged as two independent systems, one per cylinder bank.  These include the air filter, the hot film air flow meter, the turbocharger, the intercooler, the exhaust gas recirculation (line and valve) and the ‘throttle’ valves. 

As a result, the V10 consists of two five-cylinder engines where the air and exhaust are completely separated, but which are coupled through their control systems.

For the V10 TDI, Volkswagen has developed a new electronic control unit.  Designated EDC 16, it is a ‘double’ unit, with a 32-bit microprocessor and significantly improved computing performance.  One control unit regulates each five-cylinder bank.

The innovative design of the exhaust-gas system, with its two chrome-plated tailpipes, is an essential element of the exhaust-gas cleaning system.  The engine is also equipped with pneumatically controlled exhaust recirculation valves for reducing emissions.  Oxidation catalytic converters close to the engine help optimise the already low emissions.

Gearboxes

A six-speed manual gearbox is available on the 2.5-litre TDI, while a six-speed automatic gearbox is standard on all models.

The gearboxes were specially designed for the Touareg with weight saving in mind; steel construction is used only for those components which are subjected to extreme performance demands.  All other components are made from aluminium.

Servicing

All new Touaregs are manufactured with systems, engines and the latest technically advanced long-life oils and are designed to be serviced at variable or LongLife intervals.

Rather than have fixed intervals determined by time and/ or mileage, the engine uses built-in sensors that monitor oil quality.  Depending on which engine is specified, how the vehicle is driven and the conditions of use, a service will be required anywhere from 9,000 miles or 12 months (whichever occurs first), up to a maximum of 30,000 miles or 24 months (whichever occurs first).

Alternatively, buyers can opt for a traditional Time and Distance service schedule with fixed time and mileage intervals. 

In addition, many of the Touareg’s components are maintenance-free.  Others, such as the front brake pads, are electronically monitored.

RUNNING GEAR

Front and rear axle

Two different suspension systems are available on the Touareg: a steel double-wishbone system is standard, while on the V10 TDI model the technologically advanced Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension system is employed.     

The independent steel suspension features, at the front, double wishbones with aluminium upper suspension and steel lower links.  At the rear, double wishbones with forged aluminium upper links and steel lower wishbones are used.  With this suspension, the Touareg possesses a maximum ground clearance of 237 mm.

Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension system

CDC, standard equipment on the V10 TDI, is an option on all other models.  Like the system found in the Phaeton, the Touareg’s CDC guarantees extremely high comfort levels and, thanks to automatic speed-sensitive ride height adjustment, provides sporty dynamic characteristics for on-road driving.

CDC maintains the Touareg at a constant ride height.  Four sensors continuously monitor the space between axle and body; when a deviation from the required position is sensed it is corrected by means of solenoid valves, a compressor and two accumulators.  The Touareg’s four air-spring dampers consist essentially of air-spring bellows, a roller piston and the regulated hydraulic damper unit.

The damping system sensors assess the vehicle’s speed and the driving conditions and compensates for them with automatic adjustment of the dampers.  The system reacts to the slightest unevenness in the road and can minimise roll and pitch in the event of sudden extreme acceleration or braking.

Console-mounted rotary switches give the driver control of the Touareg’s air suspension settings and the degree of damping.  There are three driver-selectable suspension settings: Comfort, Sport and Auto.

Variable ground clearance

The Touareg’s air suspension system raises and lowers the vehicle automatically depending on the speed at which the car is being driven.  At 78 mph, for example, the ride height drops from 215 mm to 190 mm, and at 112 mph it is further reduced to 180 mm.  The driver can override the system and set other levels if desired.

·         Loading level: 160 mm ground clearance (up to 5 km/h)

·         Street level: 215 mm (0-125km/h)

·         High speed I: 190 mm (125-180 km/h)

·         High speed II: 180 mm (from 180 km/h)

·         Off-road level: 240 mm (up to 70 km/h)

·         X’tra level: 300 mm (up to 20 km/h)

4XMOTION four-wheel drive system

All Touaregs are equipped with a continuous 4XMOTION four-wheel drive system which guarantees exceptional off-road ability combined with a high degree of safety and excellent on-road dynamics.

The 4XMOTION system delivers its power to the front and rear axles via a transfer box and a central differential, featuring a continuously adjustable and automatically operated multi-disc clutch, which performs the differential lock function.  How much of the engine’s power is delivered to the front and rear axles is dependant on conditions – up to 100 per cent of the drive force can be transmitted to either of the two axles if required.  The differential lock is automatically regulated by engine torque and wheel slippage, with the driver having manual override via a console mounted switch.  Manually lockable front and rear axle differentials are optional.

On-road benefits of 4XMOTION

4XMOTION offers a high degree of safety.  Under normal driving conditions – a dry road with even grip and constant engine power – the four-wheel drive system provides a 50:50 distribution of power to the front and rear axles.  In conditions where a wheel begins to lose traction, for example, as a result of aquaplaning, the centre differential’s multi-disc lock increases the flow of power – up to 100 per cent – to whichever axle has more grip.

Off-road benefits of 4XMOTION

4XMOTION allows optimum levels of off-road grip and traction, such as the ability to tackle a lateral inclination of up to 35 degrees, and a climbing angle of 45 degrees.  When faced with demanding terrain, the driver activates ‘low range’ transmission via an electrical switch on the centre console.  Moving the ‘Auto Diff’ switch from the fast ‘High’ mode towards ‘Low’ results in activation of the automatic central differential lock, which continuously checks for loss of traction and adjusts front/rear power distribution accordingly.

If desired the differential lock can be activated manually by the driver, up to 100 per cent, via a dashboard rotary switch.  The same principle applies to the (optional) lockable axle differentials.

A hill-starting assistant aids drivers of models with manual transmission; it activates automatically when the Touareg, with engine running, is stopped on an incline with the normal or parking brake engaged and when in first or reverse gear with the clutch pedal depressed.  When the driver releases the brakes the car is actively braked and automatically held on the incline; as the clutch is engaged so the brakes are released step by step. 

Touaregs with automatic gearboxes also have a hill-starting assistant which, via an electronic function in the gearbox, prevents downhill movement before moving off.  On very steep (more than 20 per cent) downward slopes, an automatic downhill assistant cuts in when speeds are below 20 km/h (with ESP switched on) to maintain steady and safe downhill progress.

Braking system

The Touareg’s 4XMOTION permanent four-wheel-drive system provides sure-footed off-road characteristics and a high degree of safety on normal roads by transmitting power to the front or rear in amounts appropriate to the levels of grip available at each axle.

The Touareg features internally ventilated fixed calliper disc brakes (330 mm diameter) on all four wheels, while its stopping systems are technologically advanced, featuring ABS, EBD (Electronic Brake-force Distribution) and ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme) with Hydraulic Braking Assistant (HBA).

Hydraulic Brake Assist – HBA

Working in conjunction with the other elements of the braking system, HBA recognises from the speed at which the brake pedal is depressed whether it is a ‘normal’ braking situation or an emergency stop.  In the event of an emergency stop, HBA automatically increases braking pressure, activating ABS and ensuring the level of braking meets the needs of the conditions.  The application of brake assist makes it possible even for unskilled drivers to reduce braking distances by 25 per cent.

Electronic Stabilisation Programme – ESP

This is a sophisticated system that automatically senses any tendency for the car to slide.  Should this situation occur, ESP reacts by applying the brakes to one, two, three or all four wheels and adjusts the engine’s power.  In this way, it is possible that a skid is corrected even before the driver is aware that one has started.  This can be useful if a tendency to understeer or oversteer develops in a bend.  In such circumstances ESP can help prevent the car skidding or spinning off the road and is particularly helpful in wet or icy conditions.

EQUIPMENT AND TRIM

Each model within the Touareg range is generously equipped.  Highlights of each of the trim levels are detailed below:

Touareg 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI 

·         ABS with EBD, HBA and ESP (see Braking system section for details)

·         driver and front passenger front and side airbags with deactivation switch

·         curtain airbag system

·         crash-sensing automatic door unlocking system

·         automatic centre differential lock with manual override

·         4XMOTION permanent four-wheel drive

·         multifunction computer with steering wheel controls and cruise control

·         radio/CD system

·         all-round electric windows and electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors

·         60/40 split/folding rear seats

·         7½ J x 17 ‘Canyon 5’ alloy wheels with 235/65 R17 tyres and anti-theft bolts

·         remote control central locking with alarm and interior protection

SE: 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI, 3.6-litre V6

Going up the range to SE trim adds the following:

·         exterior chrome trim

·         2Zone electronic climate control

·         front fog lights

·         8J x 18 ‘Valley’ alloy wheels with 255/55 R18 tyres

·         leather upholstery

SE: V10 TDI

The SE trim with the 5.0-litre V10 TDI engine adds the following:

·         Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension

·         bi-Xenon headlights for dipped and main beam with dynamic curve lighting

·         front seats with electric 12-way adjustment and lumbar support

·         rain sensor and automatic dimming rear view mirror

·         engine compartment lighting; ‘coming home’ lighting function

·         8J x 18 ‘ Nevada’ alloy wheels with 255/55 R18 tyres

Altitude: 2.5-litre TDI, 3.0-litre V6 TDI, 3.6-litre V6 and 5.0-litre V10 TDI

The range-topping Altitude trim level adds:

·         body styling kit by Individual – uniquely shaped front and rear bumpers, side skirts and rear roof spoiler

·         heat insulating tinted glass 35% from B pillar backwards

·         sports polished stainless steel twin exhaust tailpipes

·         9J x 19 ‘Sienna’ alloy wheels with 275/45 R19 tyres (not V10 TDI)

·         9J x 20‘ Casablanca’ alloy wheels by Individual with 275/40 R20 tyres (V10 TDI)

FACTORY FIT OPTIONS

As befits a car of this class, there is an extensive range of optional equipment available for the Touareg.  This includes items such as Tiptronic gearchange controls mounted on the steering column; a boot-mounted six-disc CD autochanger; electric sunroof; powered tailgate closing; roof bars; a ski sack with load-through provision; side steps; and sunblinds for the rear screen and rear side windows.

Continuous Damping Control (CDC) air suspension

This feature is standard equipment on the V10 TDI and can be specified as an option on the 2.5-litre TDI, V6 and V8 models.  It ensures further comfort and, thanks to automatic speed-sensitive ride height adjustment, provides sporty dynamic characteristics while on the road as well as improved off-road handling.

Front and rear differential locks

As a further aid to off-road traction in extreme conditions, manually operated differential locks can be specified for the rear axle or for both front and rear axles.

Navigation/radio/TV system

The satellite navigation system, standard on SE and Altitude models and an option on the entry-level Touareg, consists of a screen display housed in the dashboard which shows the required direction of travel, combined with verbal instructions.

Wheel sensors are used to determine the distance the car has covered and to provide information when the car is turning.  Further system components include a solid state magnetic compass and a GPS (Global Positioning System) aerial in the front left wing.  The aerial receives signals from orbiting satellites from which it is able to calculate the position of the car to within 100 metres.  A road map, effectively a digitised street plan of Great Britain or other country, is stored on DVD and is accessed by the on-board computer as it calculates the route required to reach the desired destination.

The range-topping navigation system also incorporates a television which, for safety reasons, operates when the vehicle is stationary and the handbrake is applied.  An entertainment pack with a DVD screen in the roof liner is also available.

Keyless entry and start function

The keyless system is available as an option on SE and Altitude models with the auto Tiptronic gearbox.  With it, the driver need never remove the Touareg’s key from his or her pocket.  The car ‘recognises’ its driver via a transponder in the key, releases the lock when the driver touches the door handle and allows the engine to be started with the push of a button.

The system features several safety mechanisms.  For example, the Touareg will start only when the key is actually within the vehicle’s interior, and the driver must press the clutch or, on automatic models, the brake pedal.  On exit, the driver has only to touch the door handle once more to activate the automatic closing and locking procedure.  For security, the system only operates when the key is in close proximity to the vehicle.     

SAFETY

Volkswagen’s intention with the Touareg was to set the highest possible standards for active and passive safety, and to prove that the safety levels of a luxury saloon can be replicated in a luxury off-road vehicle.

The strength of the Touareg’s construction, its incorporation of the very latest in electronic safety features and the inherent stability of its four-wheel-drive and traction control systems raise standards to a significant new level.

Frontal collision

The Touareg was designed with very high frontal energy absorption characteristics and with an extremely rigid passenger cell, in line with both Euro NCAP and US-NCAP crash requirements.

Among the special protective measures adopted are additional strengthening bars in the sills, extremely rigid A-, B-, C- and D-pillars and the use of high quality steels in the construction, along with laser welding.

Side collision

The Touareg’s doors are integrated with the car’s crash protection structure, and are designed to afford passengers the maximum protection in the event of a side impact.

Passive safety

Touareg passengers benefit from a state-of-the-art electronic safety system featuring crash sensors which can judge the severity of an impact and react accordingly, triggering either a low-level response from the driver and front passenger airbags or a full-intensity response.

All models in the range feature driver and front passenger airbags, front side airbags and curtain airbags which cover the entire window surface between the A- and C- pillars to protect the heads and upper torsos of the window-seat passengers.

The Touareg also features electrically activated seat belt pre-tensioners to restrict passenger movement in an impact.  All models feature five three-point harnesses as standard.

The electronic safety system continues to work even after it has activated the airbags, automatically unlocking all the doors, isolating the battery, shutting down the fuel supply and all high-power electrical units, as well as switching on the hazard warning lights.

Child passenger protection

All Touareg models are equipped as standard with rear Isofix seat mounting brackets.  These are attached to the body of the car and allow a compatible Isofix standard child safety seat to be correctly installed with ease.  If small children are to be carried in a safety seat mounted in the front passenger seat, the front-seat passenger airbag system can be switched off. 

Pedestrian safety

The Touareg’s design team also gave careful consideration to minimising injury to pedestrians in the event of a collision.  Volkswagen does not offer a ‘bull bar’ for the Touareg and the car’s body design possesses a number of features which optimise protection for pedestrians and cyclists.  Among these is the construction of the bonnet in aluminium to provide optimum deformation characteristics, and the use of plastic materials for the wings.

Parking distance control is a standard feature of the SE V10 TDI and an option on other models.  This system features ultrasonic transmitters and receivers in the front and rear bumpers to warn the driver of obstacles; the front sensor can ‘see’ up to 1,200 mm and the rear sensor up to 1500 mm.  If the Touareg approaches an obstacle it gives both an audible warning and a visual one, by means of a dashboard display and a roof-mounted display visible in the rear-view mirror.

Euro NCAP test results

In recognition of the Touareg’s safety features, it was awarded a full five stars in the Euro NCAP (European New Car Assessment Programme) safety tests for adult occupant protection.  It scored four stars for child occupant protection and gained a one star pedestrian rating.

SECURITY

All models in the Touareg range are fitted as standard with an electronic engine immobiliser and an alarm system with interior protection and remote central locking.  For added convenience and security, a keyless entry and start system is an option on automatic SE and Altitude models.  All Touaregs also feature an integrated factory-fitted CD/radio system which is Volkswagen branded and security coded.

Line-up with insurance groups

Thanks to its safety and security systems, the Touareg has the following insurance group ratings from the ABI (Association of British Insurers):

Touareg

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

SE

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

Altitude

2.5-litre TDI 174 PS                    15

3.0-litre V6 TDI 225 PS               16

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

3.6-litre V6 280 PS                     17

5.0-litre V10 TDI 313 PS             19

WARRANTIES

The Touareg has a three year or 60,000 mile mechanical warranty, the first two years of which are covered by the manufacturer.  The final year’s cover is a retailer warranty.  In addition, it comes with a class-leading 12 year body protection warranty, three year paintwork warranty and three years membership of Volkswagen Assistance which includes pan-European breakdown cover.

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